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History: Middle East

What are primary sources?

Primary sources are first-hand sources created at the time of a particular event or period.

Finding archives with sources on your topic:

Primary sources can be found online, reproduced in printed books, or in their original form in archival collections.  To find out which American archives have manuscripts and records on your topic, search ArchiveGrid.  See our ArchiveGrid tutorial.

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Historical Newspapers

Milliyet (Turkey) 1950-2004

Palestine Post (Israel 1932-1950)

Primary Source Websites

See also our guide to Middle East Studies

ABZU Guide to the Study of the Ancient Middle East

(American Schools of Oriental Research)

Archive of Turkish Oral Narrative (Texas Tech University)

Digital Library (National Library of Israel)

Empire Online (Adam Matthew) 

Gertrude Bell Archive (Newcastle University)

Historical Jewish Press (Tel-Aviv University)

International Historical Statistics  260 years of rich data from around the world.

Internet Islamic History Sourcebook (Fordham University)

Iranian Oral History Project (Harvard University)

Islamic Heritage Project (Harvard University)

Middle East in Early Prints and Photographs (New York Public Library)

Oriental Institute Photographic Archives (University of Chicago)

Travelers in the Middle East Archive (Rice University)