Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
What are primary sources?
Primary sources are first-hand sources created at the time of a particular event or period.
Finding archives with sources on your topic:
Primary sources can be found online, reproduced in printed books, or in their original form in archival collections. To find out which American archives have manuscripts and records on your topic, search ArchiveGrid. See our ArchiveGrid tutorial.
Includes a variety of artistic and cultural objects from museums around the world.
International African Bibliography (deGruyter)
A highly curated list of books, articles, and dissertations on topics in African studies. International in scope, updated quarterly.
Background and encyclopedias
Publication Date: 2005-04-07
Africana, Second Edition, conveys the history and scope of cultural expression of people of African descent with unprecedented depth. In five volumes. 1: Aardvark-Catholic, 2:Catimbo-Giovanni 3: Giraffe-Miami 4:Michael-Sobukwe 5: Soca-Zydeco