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Citations and Bibliographies: Home

A guide to frequently-used style guides and to research tools, such as software, to help manage and autoformat your citations.

We have workshops

Registration for the Fall citation management workshops is now open!   The workshops will cover skills in utilizing these tools: Endnote, RefWorks, Zotero, Mendeley. There is also a general Introduction to Citation Management workshop to help you choose the best tool for you. These tools make it easier to create your bibliography and keep track of your references. How can citation management software help you? This 60 second video explains.

NEW: We have tutorials available that show shortcuts for exporting to EndNote (Instructions for Mac and for PC).

Style Guides

Frequently Used Styles

Citing Your Sources

How do I cite?

If you are writing a paper or assignment, consult your instructor about the proper style used in your discipline. 

If you are writing for publication, check the author guidelines on a publisher's web page for the required style.

Why do I need to cite?

Using footnotes, bibliographies, and similar strategies serves two main purposes:

1. It gives credit to the person who created the idea.

2. It allows your readers to locate the sources you used, so they can read or judge them for themselves.


Is there software to help manage my citations?

Yes! EndNote and RefWorks are licensed for use by current NU faculty, staff, and students. The open source product Zotero and the free version of Mendeley are two other options that the library supports. Any of these programs can help you collect and manage your references, and auto-format citations and bibliographies in your papers. (Choose just one; they are not meant to be used at the same time.)

For more details on each program, see the introductory pages for EndNote, RefWorksZotero, or Mendeley or watch a short video on Choosing a citation manager.

Choose a Tool

Note: The Fall 2019 citation management workshops have are now open for registration. If you are unable to attend, there are also recordings of earlier webinars available.

Contact us if you want to request a workshop customized for your class or an individual consultation-- about EndNote, RefWorks, Zotero, or Mendeley-- with a librarian.