Primary sources are first-hand sources created at the time of a particular event or period.
Finding archives with sources on your topic:
Primary sources can be found online, reproduced in printed books, or in their original form in archival collections. To find out which American archives have manuscripts and records on your topic, search ArchiveGrid. See our ArchiveGrid tutorial.
Key European newspapers at Northeastern
Openly available on the web:
Austrian Newspapers Online. Many historical newspapers. Dates vary from 1780 to 1930s
Compact Memory (1806-1938 Jewish newspapers)
Denmark Illustreret Tidende (1759-1865)
International Times (London, 1966-present)
Le Figaro (1830-1942) From Gallica (National Library of France)
Le Gazzette Bolognesi (Italy 1674-1796)
Hamburger Abendblatt (German 1948 - present)
Hemeroteca Digital (Spain. Many newspapers, covering 1772-1933)
Historische Kranten. Dutch newspapers from the 1st half of the 20th century.
Illustrated London News, 1842-2003 Historical archive of the world's first pictorial weekly newspaper. Pages are fully searchable.
Leeuwarder Courant (Dutch 1752-present)
Le Temps(1861-1938) From Gallica (National Library of France)
La Vanguarda (Barcelona, Spain newspaper 1881-present)
Die Zeit Online (German 1946-present)