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Reframing the Music Classroom: 1990s to 2000s

This resource guide aims to center the voices of scholars and musicians who identify as BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, People of Color) in our research and pedagogy.

Biggie Smalls: 1972-1997 (Rap)

Christopher Wallace, also known as Biggie Smalls or the Notorious B.I.G.

N. W. A.: 1987-1991 (Rap)

Image of N. W. A.

NWA was a group created during the early 1990’s. The movie “Straight Outta Compton” explores how that group came to be, and how they essentially fell apart. This gets placed on the list because of not only their popularity, but their legacy. For example, their song “[redacted] Tha Police” is still being used during protests, and it stemmed from the heightened tensions between the police and public after over a situation that happened with the LAPD. (Link below describes the movie and analyzes the movie and the real events)

Ice Cube: 1969-

Image of Ice Cube

Lauryn Hill: 1975- (R'n'B)

Image of Lauryn Hill holding her Grammys

OutKast: 1992-2007 (Hip-Hop)

OutKast. Stankonia 2000

Tupac: 1971-1996 (Rap)

Tupac Shakur